Tuesday, 21 January 2014

GINS post 6 - Worldly Charter

    Creating a Charter of Rights for the entire world is an interesting task. You have to consider everyone and their potential perspectives, and I think the GINS helped with this. It gave us a perspective other than our own to look at. I included not only rights derived from my GINS book - Born to Run - but also from books that I've recently read. To name but a few, Pirate Cinema (Cory Doctorow), For The Win (Cory Doctorow), Little Brother (Cory Doctorow), and Brain Jack (Brian Falkner). These books explore issues related to being in a world where the internet is just such a huge part of everything. You can see the influence of the novels in 'Cultural Rights' and 'Online Rights'. More specifically, the rights to Online Anonymity were mainly inspired by Doctorow's novels. Under Cultural Rights, Joel added the right that applies to First Civilizations/Peoples. I took the liberty of adding First Peoples rights to have them consulted on any documents of law that would effect them. We had a few debates about whether to include certain words/clauses on certain sections. Mainly, we discussing whether to add sensuality to the things to be free of discrimination for. We eventually agreed to remove it because it didn't seem required. The definition just doesn't match with what we were including on our list. Another time there was some disagreement is seen under 'Labour Rights'. I wanted to include only 'The right to work', as adding more clauses could provide loopholes for people to exploit. Putting a list of things to not be discriminated for was what was suggested to be added.

Click here to see what we came up with using the Canadian Charter as a base!

Wednesday, 8 January 2014

GINS - Mexico's Consitution

Mexico has a constitution that includes individual rights, but it says that only "every man has a right to enter the Republic, exit it, travel through its territory, and change his residence without the need of a security card, passport, or any similar device." Is this just older wording or is it discriminating? Article 1 of their Constitution mentions that every individual has this right. Everyone gets full protection of the law, bias-free education, protection of health, guaranteed housing, and children's rights. There are many more, but for convenience (both yours and mine), I will not mention them (their constitution is rather long).
     In their constitution, it has a few awkward phrases that mentions the indigenous people, including the Tarahumara. In those phrases, it mentions that that dispositions can be applied to them. When used in this context, I believe it means to move or rearrange. To me, this indicates that as long as they have considered their "indigenous identity" as "fundamental criteria", they can move them for convenience. Maybe I interpret that wrong, but looking at the Tarahumara, I notice that they have basically become a tourist attraction because of the government in the area. I know that this isn't moving them, but it never mentions having to consult their indigenous populations when making decisions. The only requirement is that of taking into account their indigenous identity.
    I think that the issue would be totally different with the Canadian Charter applied. Maybe I'm wrong, but I think that the Tarahumara would definitely have been consulted on whether or not they want to basically become a tourist attraction. That could mean, depending on the state of modernization they were in when the plans were approved, that they could still be true ultrarunners. As you've probably read in my previous posts regarding them, they now drink soda, and money matters now. Before, their economy was based entirely on corn-beer and random acts of kindness. I think that the General section of our charter would effect them the most. They would have land claims and thus be able to stop the government from making them into an effective tourist attraction. It is technically their land. I do acknowledge that it is not only the government making them a tourist attraction, but the publicity given to them by foreigners, including through my GINS novel. It is also logical to the government to make money from the Tarahumara. I mean, why not?